As far back as 1787, the United States Constitution provided for the protection of copyrights “to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts. The contemporary intent of copyright is to promote the creation of new works by giving authors control of and profit from them. Copyrights are said to be territorial, which means that they do not extend beyond the territory of a specific state unless that state is a party to an international agreement.
Today, however, this is less relevant since most countries are parties to at least one such agreement. While many aspects of national copyright laws have been standardized through international copyright agreements, copyright laws of most countries have some unique features. Typically, the duration of copyright is the whole life of the creator plus fifty to a hundred years from the creator’s death, or a finite period for anonymous or corporate creations.
Some jurisdictions have required formalities to establishing copyright, but most recognize copyright in any completed work, without formal registration. Generally, copyright is enforced as a civil matter, though some jurisdictions do apply criminal sanctions.
Most jurisdictions recognize copyright limitations, allowing “fair” exceptions to the creator’s exclusivity of copyright, and giving users certain rights. The development of digital media and computer network technologies have prompted reinterpretation of these exceptions, introduced new difficulties in enforcing copyright, and inspired additional challenges to copyright law’s philosophic basis. Simultaneously, businesses with great economic dependence upon copyright, such as those in the music business, have advocated the extension and expansion of their intellectual property rights, and sought additional legal and technological enforcement.
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How to cite TKG:
- The preferred way to cite an article is: Source: Cees Kloosterman, “Dutch costumes”, from the Kloosterman Genealogy, https://www.kloosterman.be
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- Changes are periodically added to the information herein.
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Denial of Access, Use, or Service
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- For security and privacy reasons, TKG contains no birthdates or other personal information of individuals believed to be living. If family members do not want any information about their ancestors to be on this site or if the information about you is not correct, please let me know and fill in the Privacy form. I will correct your data or remove the data from the website.
Copyright Infringement Claims
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Changes to these Terms and Conditions
- TKG may at any time change or modify all or any part of these Terms. By browsing this website you are accepting that you are bound by the terms and conditions and disclaimer current at that time, so you should check these each time you visit the site.
Cees Kloosterman, Dordrecht, 01-04-2014